مرکزی صفحہ Systematic Entomology ON THE IDENTITY OF FOUR SPECIES OF RHOPALOCERA DESCRIBED BY JOHANNES GISTEL IN 1857

ON THE IDENTITY OF FOUR SPECIES OF RHOPALOCERA DESCRIBED BY JOHANNES GISTEL IN 1857

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جلد:
4
سال:
1935
زبان:
english
صفحات:
2
DOI:
10.1111/j.1365-3113.1935.tb00572.x
فائل:
PDF, 149 KB
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1

AN INTERESTING NEW GENUS OF HOUSE CEICKET (ORTH., GRYLLIDAE)

سال:
1935
زبان:
english
فائل:
PDF, 203 KB
2

NEW ENGLISH APHIDAE (HEM.)

سال:
1935
زبان:
english
فائل:
PDF, 492 KB
121

ON THE IDENTITY OF FOUR SPECIES OF RHOPALOCERA
DESCRIBED BY JOHANNES GISTEL I N 1857
By FRANCIS
HEMMING,C.B.E., F.R.E.S.

IN 1857 Johannes Gistel published a paper entitled Achthunderkund zwanzig
neue oder unbeschriebene wirbellose Thiere charakterisirt von Doctor Johannes
Gistel.” This paper was published a t Straubing in a work entitled Vacuna
which appears t o be extremely scarce. The only copy of it in Great Britain
is, so far as I know, that in the library of the Linnean Society of London.
Through the courtesy of Dr. Walther Horn, I have also seen a separatelypaged separate of Gistel’s paper, now in the library of the Deutsches Entomologisches Museum of Berlin.
Gistel’s paper seems to have been unknown to his contemporaries and to
have been overlooked by his successors. As a result, therefore, the new names
that he proposed have never been brought into use. I n the Rhopalocera there
are four of these names, all of which are valid and are older than the names
now in use for the insects in question. The synonymy of these species is as
follows :- *

LYCAENIDAE.
Everes hiigelii (Gistel, 1857).
Lycaena hugelii, Gistel, 1857, Vacuna 2 ( 2 ) : 605 (p. 93 in separate).
Lycaena d i p w a , Moore, 1865, Proc. 2001. Soc. Lond. 1865 :506, pl. 21, fig. 8.

Gistel’s description, which is clearly based upon a
known as Everes dipora (Moore), reads as follows :-

8 of

the species now

Lycaena hiigelii. L. alis supra intensius obscuriorique-caeruleis,subtus valde obscurioribus, vitta rubello-fusca margine extern. alar. posticar. latiori obscuriorique.
Caschmir. L. amyntas fabr. valde affinis.

PIERIDAE.
Gonepteryx muhaguru (Gistel, 1857).
Rhodovera [sic] mahaguru, Gistel, 1857, Vacuna 2 (2) : 605 (p. 93 in separate).
Conepteryx zaneka, Moore, 1865, Proe. 2001. Soe. Lond. 1865 : 493, pl. 33, fig. 18.

Gistel’s description, which is based on a $?of the insect described by Moore
in 1865 as Gonepteryx zaneku, reads as follows :Rhodovera [sic] mahaguru. R. alis integerrimis angulatis flavis, singulis puncto majori
inte; nsius flavo, subtus ferrugineo ; alis anticis margine externo profundius excisis ; apice
alar. post. margine post. breviore e t truncato, dentibus duobus minutisaimis margine
interno.
Himalaya.

This insect is conspecific with Gonepteryx aspasia, M6nBtriBs, 1858. As
Gistel’s name mahaguru has a year’s priority over aspasia, MQnQtriBs,it must
in future be adopted as the name for the collective species. The synonymy
of the subspecies of this species is therefore now as follows :-

* The above is the title given on the half-title page that precedes the first page of this
paper. On the first page of the paper itself, the title is given as Achthundert und zwanzig
neue und unbeschriebene Insekten. Below this title appear the following words in brackets :
Geschrieben z u m grossten Theile in Nunchen a m 4 Januar 1838.
STYLOPS-VOL.

IV.

PART

6.

(JUNE

1935.)

G

122

Mr. F. Hemming on Rhopalocera described by Gistel.

Gonepteryx mahaguru (Gistel, 1857).
ssp. mahaguru (Gistel, 1857) (= zaneka, Moore, 1866). N.W. Himalaya.
ssp. zanekoides, de Nicevilie, 1897. South Chin Hills, Upper Burma.
ssp. alvinda (Blanchard, 1871). Mou-pin.
ssp. acuminata, Felder & Felder, 1862. In naontibus p o p e Ning-po.
ssp. aspasia, MBnQtribs,1858. Montagnes de Chingan jusqu’b Khokhtsir.
ssp. niphonica, Verity, 1909. Japan, Fusi-yama.
ssp. taizuana, Paravicini, 1913. Formosa.
PAPILIONIDAE.

Papilio m a c h o n annae, Gistel, 1857.
PapiZio annae, Gistel, 1857, Vacuna Z (2) : 603 (p. 91 in separate).
Papilio sikkimensis, Moore, 1884, J . Asiaf. Soc. Beng. Pt. 2, 53 (2) : 47.

Gistel’s description, which is clearly based upon a specimen of the subspecies of Papilio machaon, Linn., hitherto known as ssp. sikkimensis, Moore,
reads as follows :Papilio unnae. P. alis caudatis concoloribua intensius obscuroflavis, veuis [sic] fig%
latioribus, limbo latiusculo nigro lunulis nigris, angulo ani nigro.
Hymalayanae Alpes. Machaoni proxim. Uxori dilectae.

Gruphium sarpedon protensor (Gistel, 1857).
Papilio protensor, Gistel, 1857, Vacuna 2 (2) : 602 (p. 90 in separate).
Papilio sarpedon, Linn., var. semifaseiatus, Honrath, 1888, Ent. Nachr. 14 : 161.

Gistel’s description of his Papilio protensor reads as follows :Pupilio protensor. P. alis protensiorisus, dente quinto multo prolongato ; alarum
fascia transversa media angustiori, laetius viridi.
China, Java, etc. P. sarpedon affinis.

The above description does not fit the race of surpedon, Linn., found in
Java, but it corresponds very well with the race of that species found in SouthEast, Central, and West China, named sernifccsciatus by Honrath in 1888.
NEW GENUS OF HOUSE CRICKET
(ORTH., GRYLLIDAE)

AN INTERESTIJG

By L. CHOPARD.

WHEREAS
in the North of Europe me only know the common house cricket
(Gryths domesticus, L.), several species of insects belonging to this group are
known to frequent human dwellings in warmer countries. Such is the case
with species of the genus Gryllomorpha in the Mediterranean region, with different
species of Gryllus, Gryllodes and allied genera in tropical Africa and Asia, with
several species of Phaeophilacris in Eastern Africa, etc. The insects described
in this note, however, belong to a subfamily composed of forms that usually
live far from houses either among dead leaves in forests or on shrubs. Moreover, their general habitus is somewhat different from the other species of the
subfamily on account of their longer and thinner legs which suggest an insect
that runs quickly as this Gryllid must certainly do.
Eucycloptilum, gen. n.
Both sexes apterous ; frontal rostrum very wide, rounded. Eyes presenting a superior
part, distinctly separated from the inferior one, quite smooth without facets. Legs long;
posterior metatarsi very long non-serrulated above.
STYLOPS-VOL.

IV.

PART

6.

(JUNE

1935.)