Front Matter

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جلد:
1
زبان:
english
رسالہ:
AAV Today
DOI:
10.2307/27670210
Date:
April, 1987
فائل:
PDF, 3.79 MB
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آپ کتاب کا معائنہ کر سکتے ہیں اور اپنے تجربات شیئر کرسکتے ہیں۔ دوسرے قارئین کتابوں کے بارے میں آپ کی رائے میں ہمیشہ دلچسپی رکھیں گے۔ چاہے آپ کو کتاب پسند ہے یا نہیں ، اگر آپ اپنے دیانتدار اور تفصیلی خیالات دیںگے تو لوگوں کو نئی کتابیں ملیںگی جو ان کے لئے صحیح ہیں۔
1

Memo from the Editor

سال:
1987
زبان:
english
فائل:
PDF, 194 KB
Association of Avian Veterinarians

Front Matter
Source: AAV Today, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Jan., 1987)
Published by: Association of Avian Veterinarians
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27670210 .
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Volume 1Number 1
A publication

January

of the Association

of Avian Veterinarians

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1987

INTERNATIONAL
CONFERENCE
ON
ZOOLOGICAL
AND
AVIAN

MEDICINE

Sponsored by
Association
American

of Avian Veterinarians
and
of Zoo Veterinarians
Association

September

AAV CONFERENCE OFFICE:

1625

6-11,

South Birch No. 403

1987

Denver,

Colorado

(303) 756-?380

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80222

AAV Today
Memo From the Editor

4

News of AAV

6

Student Chapter News

8

Viewpoint
Update on Australian Import
31
Export Question
Software Review
The Animal Nutritionist
32
Avian Conservation

News

35

Avian Calendar

36

Index to Advertisers

The Avian

Practitioner

InMy Experience
Conjunctivitis
Response

11

inPet Birds

to Gram's

Stain

Chocolate
Toxicity
Adverse
Reaction

to Pox Vaccine

in

Pigeons

New Bacteriology Kits fo; r Birds
to Internal Temperature
Fertility Related
Labs
Open Letter to Norden
Amazon
Noted
Feather Color Differences

Cryogenic Storage to Budgerigar Semen
via Computer
World
Literature
Accessing
Evaluation
of an OTC
Preliminary
"Disinfectant"
Practice
Management

Literature

Refereed Presentations
T.W. and Kennedy,
Campbell,
Q.A.: Fibrosarcoma
in a

Comments

Objection to Beak/Feather Disease

Avian

38

17-18,22

Cockatiel (Nymphicus
hollandicus)
Ritchie,

B.W.: Treatment

19
of

Organophosphate
Poisoning in
inColumba Ma
I

23

Radiograph Self-Assessment

25

Book Review
B.H. Coles: Avian Medicine
and Surgery

28

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flflV

today
Publication Staff:
R. Harrison,

Linda

Dotson

Lynda

Editor
Art

Hare,

Director

AAV Education Office
5770 Lake Worth Road
Lake Worth, FL 33463
(305) 439-2421
AAV Central Office
R. Freedman

Adina
Executive

Secretary
Box 299

P.O.

Memo

East Northport, NY 11731
(516)757-6320
1986-87
and

Officers

President:

David

McCluggage

Vice-Pres:

Walter

Secretary:
Treasurer:

Susan

Rosskopf
Clubb

Robert

Altman

R. Dean

Pr?s:

Past

Members:

Board

association

communication.

It is also

clear

from

responses

that members want reliable (i.e.
Survey (Fall 1986 Newsletter)
refereed) information they can count on, in addition to personal experiences of others.
Therefore, I am very excited to introduce this transformation of the AAV Newsletter,
which will continue to evolve to best serve the needs of the members.
You will notice that you are actually getting two publications in one:

Axelson

Gallerstein

- to
highlight

AAV TODAY

Amy Worell
Wells

Susan

ditor

to the Membership

Terry Campbell
Gary

of our

the appearance

upgrade

Harlin

Roger

the

The idea of producing a professional journal for AAV has been under discussion for
some time. It is definitely appropriate at this stage of our growth and enthusiasm to

of Directors

Board

from

educational

information about the organization,

resources,

seminars,

opportunities,

and

advertising

other

the members,
newsworthy

material.
1986-87

Chairman

Committee

THE AVIAN

Richard Nye

Education:

F. Joshua

Editorial:
Plan:

Long Range
Biol/Pharma:
Research:

review

Dein

section can be detached and filed if you so choose.

Susan

For

Wells

Robert

Rosskopf

Corina

Lupu

AAV/AAAP Chlamy:

Delmar

Database:

Ken

refereed

McMillan

David Ligda
Walter

Rosskopf

We

5770

Veterinarians,
Lake Worth,
to mail
pending

the annual

of

Association

FL 33463-3299.

at Second-class
at

Lake

Lake Worth,

quarterly

membership
of
Avian
Worth

and

material.

Thanks

to the advertisers

also

for

this

hope you will be pleased with
as

Practitioner

the print

issue who

in which

to share

P.O.

Box

299,

East

Northport,

of

F.

took

the

same

risk.

contributions,

To
already

many

thanks,

and

keep

those of you who were
know

?

we've

come

'em

long way,

avian

experiences.

coming.

around for Vol.
a

your

in the past with IME's and other

1, No.

1 of the AAV Newsletter,

baby!

is

addi

tional mailing offices.
(POSTMASTER:
Send address changes to AAV CENTRAL
OFFICE,

consists

the new format and that you will consider The

medium

To those of you who have supported the Newsletter

Road,

Applications
rates

postage
Florida

currently

This

tions.

Avian

AAV TODAY is published

that

practitioner.

I am also happy to introduce Lynda Dotson Hare as the new Art Director of AAV
Today. Her background includes design and production with New Woman magazine,
Bowling Green University Popular Press, Allied Publications, and Globe Communica

Wells

Susan
Marjorie

Board

avian

I am grateful to Terry Campbell and Bran Ritchie who were willing to risk being the
"first" to choose The Avian Practitioner (sight unseen) as the place to publish their

Cassidy
Takeshita

Historian:

a Review

have

management,

hospital

the

Board.

Groskin

Constitution:

we

presentations,

to

Editorial Chairman, George V. Kollias, Terry Campbell, Joanne Paul
Greg J. Harrison and Robert B. Altman. We will be adding members to this

Murphy,

Jeff Jenkins
Robert

refereed

topics

Joshua Dein,

Irmiger

Walter

Speakers'
Issues:
Social

for $20 per year
fee
the
by

surgery,

relevance

Clubb

Rela:

Legislative:
1987 Program:

of

Susan

Public

Bureau

medicine,

addressing
other

husbandry,

Terry Campbell
Amy Worell

& Means:

and

Goodman

Educ:

Ways

"IME's"

aviculture,

Gloria

Client

Membership:
Autotutorial:

and

articles,

- a forum for refereed case
reports, comprehensive

PRACTITIONER

NY

11731).

4 AAV TODAY

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\

Two

of many

Wildlife

to go on

reasons

good

Disease Meeting

section of theWildlife Diseases Association
in the Flinders Ranges, South Australia, on
September 16-20, 1987 (six days after theA A V/AAZV meeting
the
to David Schultz, who made
in Hawaii).
According
from

our

Wildlife
of

caged

to AAV,

American

colleagues

of

presence
would

and

be most

The

and

zoo

animals.

other facilities are well catered for. Our meetings
great

are normally

fun."

For more

information, contact Dr. David Schultz, Royal
Zoological Society of South Australia, Zoological Gardens,
Frome
South
5000,
Road,
Adelaide,
Australia,
AUSTRALIA.

us

Join
1st

Zoological

2-4,

1987.

to a maximum

are being held open
interested in coming

of

twenty

participants.

Several

conference.

All participants are requested to make a 20 minute poster
presentation on some topic of interest to the group. Techniques
that are routinely used by ornithologists, such as mist netting,
cannon netting, banding and surveying will be demonstrated.
Avian veterinary techniques thatmay be of interest to ornitholo
gists will also be included in the program.
Interested

persons

are

to contact

invited

Dr.

Highbury Veterinary Clinic, 128 Highbury
3125. (03) 288-9843.
Vic, AUSTRALIA,

Pat Macwhirter,

Road, Bur wood,

on

Conference
and

September
Turtle Bay

places

in case any AAV members might be
down to Australia after the Hawaii

for the

International

Call

Oct.

The observatory is in a delightful setting amid kangaroos,
emus and lots of bird life but accomodation
is basic and
restricted

is in the
Dr. Schultz continues, "The Flinders Ranges
northern arid zone of South Australia. Wildlife
generally
abounds, highlighted by the endangered Yellow-footed Rock
wallaby, and the scenery is very pleasant. Facilities are limited
(32 persons) for those wishing to have a solid roof over their
heads but unlimited for those with a camping penchant. All

Meeting

A joint meeting of some members of the Royal Australasian
Ornithologist's Union (theRAOU) and some avian veterinarians
with an interest in wild bird medicine is being organized at the
RAOU's bird observatory at Rotamah Island in eastern Victoria,
Australia

contributions

welcome."

forum has been used in the past for discussion

Diseases
birds

"The

after Hawaii?

Avian Veterinarians/Ornithologists'

The Australasian
will host a meeting

announcement

to Australia

Avian
?
?

Hilton,
1-800-367-8047

Medicine
11, 1987
Hawaii
(ext.

163)

For TourArrangements, Hotel, Auto, Air-Fares. Itsour business to offerthe best_I

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^

New/

m?mm??mmmmmmm^^^^^^m^KK?a?^^^m^^^^???i^^m^^m

Of n.fl.V.

avian activity was a picnic where members
learned tomake homemade capture darts.

Student Chapter News
The Zoological and Wildlife Medicine
Club at the University of Florida, the first
"official" AAV Student Chapter, has actu
ally been in existence for some time.
According to Kevin Wright, President of
the student group, the first meeting was in
1981 when the club was a student chapter
of theAmerican Association of Zoo Veter
inarians (AAZV). The club now has stu
dent affiliations with AAZV, AAV and
the American Association
of Wildlife
Veterinarians.

The monthly meetings scheduled for
the 42 paid members frequently attract
other interested students, depending on
the topic. In the spring of 1986, Dr.
George Kollias arranged for an Avian
Laparoscopy Wet Lab for
experience surgical sexing
examinations of pigeons. A
wet lab will be expanded
more

accommodate

to
members
and internal
repeat of this
this year to

students.

The Zoological and Wildlife Medicine
Club historically invites one major speaker
a year

from

a

major

zoo.

A

recent

non

Special Event
Howard and Erica Evans will participate
in leading a study tour, "Natural History
of the Hawaiian Islands" Feb. 21 -Mar. 6,
1987. Information may be obtained from
Cornell's Adult University, 626 Thurston
Avenue, Ithaca, NY 14850.

The Officers for the 1986-87 school
year are: President: Kevin Wright, junior;
Vinnie Gibaldi,
Vice-president:
sopho
more;

Secretary-Treasurer:

Tracy

DuVernoy, junior; Wet Lab Coordinator:
Laurie Crooke, sophomore; and Speaker
Coordinator: Kathy Munger, junior.

Avian

Support Needed
For Product Development

Internship

North
Carolina
State University's
School of Veterinary Medicine will again
offer 2 one-year internships in avian medi
cine for 1987-88. Primary emphasis will
continue to be on poultry diseases, though

Southeast Vetlab Supply is currently
working with a manufacturer of biological
stains to produce an economical and prac
tical Chlamydia Stain Kit for use with
fresh specimens. The company seeks to
assess the level of practitioner interest in
such a product and to obtain fresh speci
mens from known cases that can be used

the interns will gain experience with a
variety of avian species. Interested students
or recent graduates may apply for the
position through the National Intern and
Residency Matching Program. For more
information contact David H. Ley, DVM,

in product development.
Interested per
sons are asked to contact Dr. Barry
Southeast
Vetlab
Mitzner,
Supply,
18131 S.W. 98th Ct., Miami, FL 33157
(305) 253-1848.

PhD, Department of Food Animal and
Equine Medicine, North Carolina State
4700 Hillsborough
University,
Street,
Raleigh, NC 27606.

AAV
CONGRATULATIONS
on
the Premiere
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New Publication
and

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with
Future

Issues

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dedicated care of birds.
Branson Ritchie has been hired by the
University of Georgia and is developing
the Exotic Animal program at the Veteri
nary School.
James E. Grimes has retired from his
position in the Department of Veterinary
and Parasitology at Texas
Microbiology
A & M University. He will continue his
study of chlamydiosis and is available for
consultation regarding chlamydial isola
tion attempts and interpretation of sero
logical findings through the Texas Veteri
Laboratory
nary Medical
Diagnostic
(TVMDL\ Drawer 3040, College Station,
TX 77841-3040.
Ken Takeshita has relocated from the
Aviculture Institute inNewhall, California
toDelhi, California where he has accepted
the position of Chicken Production Veteri
narian with Foster Farms.
Jeffrey R. Jenkins recently opened the
Avian and Exotic Animal Hospital of San
Diego.
of the
Hochleithner
University of Vienna in Austria is
currently in the United States working
with avian practitioners and clinical
laboratories in Florida and California.

Manfred

He recently completed his dissertation
on serum chemistries of psittacines.
Upon his return to the University,
Manfred will develop the pet bird
program at the veterinary school.

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^

t?udan

?nactitio+tesi
1 No.

Vol.

9*1

1

My

The material

I

as "In My

presented
is not

therefore,

refereed;

is
the practitioner
for any use of this

IME: Conjunctivitis
in Pet Birds
In contrast
are

whose

to raptors,

staining if indicated (e.g., chlamydia
IFA, PAS). If the conjunctivitis is
bacterial in nature, the cytologie
examination will usually reveal this.

ocular

trauma-related,

primarily

the

majority of ophthalmic problems in pet
birds appear to be infectious in nature
by the time they are seen by the
practitioner, although these may be
secondary to malnutrition, shipping or
other

Stressors.

Conjunctivitis
common

and

is one of the most

also

one

of

the most

potentially frustrating ocular conditions
in pet birds. Frequently the etiology is
not determined despite extensive
diagnostic

back and forth), and deposit the sample
in the center of a slide.
Generally 3 slides are made. One is
stained with Diff-Quik for cytologie
examination; one is stained with Gram's
stain, which may assist in deciding the
most appropriate therapy; and one is
kept in reserve and submitted for special

information.

lesions

In my

experience,

the most

common

situation where a definitive causative
agent is identified is in conjunctivitides
associated with upper respiratory
disease. In these cases we have isolated
identical bacterial organisms from
conjunctival and pharyngeal swabs as
well as from trach?al washes. If bacteria
are not visible on the slide, the client
should be informed that a definitive
diagnosis may not be made and that
therapy may be extended.
The

testing.

During the physical examination, a
conjunctival culture should be taken,
topical anesthetic instilled, and a

cause

conjunctivitis
chlamydial,
related.

could be viral, fungal,
or parasite

mycoplasmal
For

example,

we

have

seen

conjunctival scraping performed.
Because the scraping actually involves
removing some of the cells, not just the
mucous, this step must be done
carefully, as the avian lid is very thin
and delicate. Permanent damage may

Symptomatic therapy of conjunctivitis
may begin with chloramphenicol
ophthalmic ointment. This broad
spectrum antibiotic is also reasonably
effective against chlamydia and

from

overenthusiastic

scraping.

I use a platinum

spatula
(approximately $90) which is very
malleable for the scraping, but the back
of a sterilized scapel blade is effective.
The practitioner is advised to scrape two
to three times in the same direction (not

THE AVIAN PRACTITIONER

VOL1 NO.1 1987

IME: Consider Brain
Lesion with Blindness
The practitioner should keep in mind
that a bilaterally blind bird without
ocular lesions may indeed have a brain
lesion.

We

seen

have

several

cases

adenomas,

in large

and

parrots

mycoplasma.

Chris Murphy, DVM, PhD,
\
University of California, Davis

we've

seen granulomas in the brain that were
related to the blindness.
?

Chris Murphy,
DVM, PhD,
of California, Davis

University

Refereed Presentations

in this Issue

Campbell,
Terry W.
A.:
Kennedy,
George
in a
Fibrosarcoma

Cockatiel
(Nymphicus
Hollandicus).19

condition.

?

of

budgerigars that developed acute
blindness secondary to chromophobe

of non-bacterial

birds in which the only clinical sign of
chlamydia is conjunctivitis. These would
require the full 45 day treatment with
chlortetracycline to clear up the ocular

result

1987

January,

VPtPrinarians

experience...

Experience.."

responsible

of Avian

Assnrmtinn

Branson
Ritchie,
of
Treatment

W.:

Organophosphate

Toxicosis
Livia.23

11

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in Columba

?oak

Recuela

B.H.

Coles:

Avian

Coles' Avian Medicine and Surgery is
one of the first books that I've seen
(other than Fowler's Zoo and Wild
Animal Medicine)
that really covers a
wide variety of birds in a manner that is
more than superficial. This relatively
small, paperbound book is succinct, well
and

indexed,

has

an

including

extensive

The Index and Appendices occupy 79
of the total 288 pages.
The text is divided into 9 chapters:
Clinical Examination, Aids to Diagnosis,
Post-mortem

and Administration
Anaesthesia,

of Drugs,

Surgery,

After

with
experience
are particularly

those

sections

strong.

the laparoscopy, blood

Although
and

smears,

as

raptors

are well

sections

radiology

developed,

other clinical evaluation

procedures

are

However,

not

the book

unique diagnostic
seen

haven't

For

before.

example, in discussing how to
distinguish abscesses on the feet of
budgerigars and other small birds from
the tophi of gout, the author suggests
that suspected tophi should be opened
the contents

and
"..The

placed
are mixed

crystals

concentrated

with

over

added.

a drop

a Bunsen

is then

burner. A drop of ammonia
If urates

are

The therapy chapter includes an
chart

of drugs

and

He also says that aminoglycosides
blocking
such

by

have

and methoxyflurane.

as
He

feels

is an immune

that chloramphenicol
suppressor.

Dr. Coles describes a method for
calculating the dose of drugs for use in
birds. Because of the high metabolic rate
of birds, he says, "If there is not a
or proven

dose

for

a

0.75."

is exposed

and

drugs

of

other

to a number
that

products

in the U.S.

unavailable

seeds

For

of

are

example,

(e.g.,

chloramphenicol-medicated

millet) are listed. The anesthetic chapter
includes some agents with which we in
the U.S.

For

osteotomy.

never

I've

have

no

control

hemorrhage

The

on

section

care

hospital

and

book

(e.g.,

anesthesia,

isoflurane

intravenous fluid therapy, intensive care).
I enjoyed reading it and I
Nevertheless,
would recommend it, especially for
those

see

who

practitioners

a wide

variety of species wild birds, backyard
and

an

occasional

zoo

bird.

(A vianMedicine and Surgery, Library
of Veterinary Practice, Black well
Scientific Publications, Oxford, Great
Britain, 1985. 288 pages. Available
through C. V.Mosby Company, P. O. Box
28430, St. Louis, MO 63146, $24.00)
?-

The section on respiratory physiology

Greg

Worth,

J. Harrison,

DVM,

Lake

Florida

1987 issue -

Just in time for the breeding season, let's take a look at captive propagation of avian species (psit
passerines,

raptors,

waterfowl,

ratites,

toucans,

etc.) Do

you have medical

tips or experiences

you

are willing to share with other AAV members about:
Preventive Medicine for Aviaries?
P?diatrie Medicine?
Egg-binding?
|
P?diatrie Surgery?
of Infertilities?
Treatment
Other Reproductive Disorders?
or any other aviculture medicine topic?
If so, please send to the AAV Education Office, 5770 Lake Worth Road, Lake Worth,
February 15, 1987.
L
28

in

nursing is well done and includes
stresses affecting wild birds, and
information in The Release of Casualty
Wild Birds is rarely seen in other books.
Many of the techniques and clinical
applications that are available to the
U.S. pet bird practitioner today from
other references are not included in this

experience.

Coming Up in the Spring,
tacines,

seen

surgical procedures, he suggests that
premedication with atropine may help.

poultry,

reader

that

technique

?
for birds that have a deformed beak
pulling it off to the side and doing an

the author is from England,

Because
the

and anesthesia is good (although I
personally don't agree with open drip
administration of methoxyflurane), and
includes information on PC02. The
author prefers endotracheal intubation in
all birds over 300 grams.
The surgery chapter includes an

often

properties
anesthetics

Surgery

interesting

dosages.

The author points out that the
nephrotoxic effect of aminoglycosides
be potentiated by the use of
may
|
diuretics such as Frusemide (or Lasix).

a mauve

present

pancreatic

four or five different kinds of medicated

a slide.

nitric acid and carefully
to dryness

evaporated

on

potential

particular circumstance, then it is best to
calculate the dose from the bird's
metabolic/effective
weight. In general
this is derived as an exponential of the
body weight raised to the power of

includes several
techniques that I

described

to determine

recommended

in depth.

discussed

a

discusses

disease.

halothane

care, Breeding Problems, and The
Release of Casualty Wild Birds. The
author has obviously had a great deal of

also

He

develop."

exacerbated
and

Nursing

will

and

culture for incubating ex?date to
enhance identification of Trichomonads,
and a test for starch with Lugol's iodine

neuromuscular

Medication

Examination,

colour

extensive

appendices,
on weights.

chart

excellent

Medicine

THE AVIAN PRACTITIONER

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FL 33463 by

\

M???TPR?CTTO??RS

accurate
to bird owners?
information
provide concise,
have professional
client
education
material
that
looking
reflects
the quality of your avian practice?
Order

and use AAV Client

Education

Now

Feeding Your
Pet Bird

Basic

brochures.

available:
Care Guide

Recognizing Signs
of Illness in Birds

for Pet Birds

ORDER FORM
Your Pet
"Feeding
"Basic Care Guide
"Recognizing

Signs

Bird"
for Pet
of

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Birds" _sets

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of

100 @

15.00_

Illness"

_sets

15.00_

Also available from AAV Education Office:
Back

issues

of AAV Newsletter,

issue

per

4.00_

($2 each prior to 1982)
Avian

Manual
?
Miami
?
1985 Annual
AAV Proceedings
Boulder
?
1984 International
Avian Proceedings
to Canada,
Alaska:
Hawaii,
(Proceedings
Hematology
1986 Annual
AAV

Proceedings

22.00_

Laboratory

foreign:

$35.00)

U.S.

funds

as World

Mail to
AAV Education Office
5770 Lake Worth Road
Lake Worth, FL 33463

27.50_

Proceedings

to overseas

is a check
for_.
orders
must
submit
(Foreign
or Traveler's
Order
Checks.)
Enclosed

Toronto

27.50_

Name

_

27.50_

Street

_

$30.00

City_State_

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Zip_

Money

***PAID

Diagnostic

for the Avian

Protocols

ADVERTISEMENT***
by CALIFORNIA

recommended

Practitioner,

LAB

AVIAN

CALIFORNIAAVIAN LABORATORY,Alan M. Fudge, DVM, Director Tel (916)722-8428
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THE COUGHING BIRD
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trachea
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Acid
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canary
panel;
assessment:
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Pharyngeal
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Assessment:
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Microbiological
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stain
Culture.
nygeal/fecal
Systemic
Assessment:
Panel.
Para
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sitic Assessment:
Fecal
Parasite
in
Exam
Further Assessment:
Susceptible
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upper
Radiology:
respiratory
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Laparoscopy:
bodies,
foreign
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sacs.
Trach?al
Wash:
Gram

Whole

Body

THE REGURGITATINGBIRD

Chlamydial

THE FEATHER PICKER

or Crop
Direct
Crop Wash
Aspiration:
?
Stain
Gram
Smear,
Bacterial/Fungal
Culture.
Plain
and
Contrast
Radiology:
for mechanical
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Films;
problems;
Blood
Panel:
of
Evidence
systemic
signs.
systemic

Radiographs.

Serology/Culture.

and
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Assessment
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Bacteriological
?
Gram Stain
feather gram stain.
Culture;
?
Blood
involvement.
panel
systemic
of
& skin.
Gl
feather
follicle
Biopsy
Assessment
Parasite
(allergic associated).
Dietary

disease.

THE SNEEZING BIRD
Naso-ocular

discharge

?

or mucopurulent?

serous

Wrights Cytology:
A)
B)
C)
Gram
A)
B)

of granulocytes,
numbers
mononuclears,
mononuclears
may suggest
chlamydia
normal
in moderate
cells,
Squamous
epithelial
rare or absent
in normal mouth
WBC's
?
or absence
Bacterial
presence
morphology
a viral or chlamydia)
may suggest
Relative
creased

Stain:
?
Eye
Choanae
Candida

rare gram positive
normally
?
normally
gram positive
or gram negative
rods

Further
recommended
with
increased
gram

procedures:
?
negatives

cocci
rods

Serous
aerobic

?
with
normal
flora
Avian
Mucopurulent
Culture;
Mycoplasma
Chlamydial
Serology,
Serous
panel

30

?

with
discharge
Mycoplasma

normal
Culture

gram

stain

?

in

numbers;
(absence

or no bacteria
rare
cocci;

and

or mucopurulent
bacterial
culture
Panel;

Chlamydial

Cytology
and

normal

blood

THE SEIZURING BIRD

THE DIARRHEICBIRD

of metal
dense
Gl
Evidence
Radiology:
disease.
Blood
panel:
particles;
systemic
?
RBC
toxicoses
Lead
ballooning;
African
chromatin
clumping.
Gray
?
?
Calcium
Syndrome
Hypocalc?mie
?
in
7.5 mg/dl.
Hepatic
Encephalopathy
or degenerative.
fectious
Hypoglycemia:
weakness
&
other
seizures;
raptors
Normal
Red
Lored Amazons:
mydriasis.
?
Blood
Panel
Septic
Epilepsy.
Idiopathic
?
infection
left
Birds
2/deg.
neurological
shift.

smear
Examination:
Direct
urate
fat droplets,
starch,
undigested
ova & flagellates;
crystals,
plant material,
Aerobic
Fecal
Gram
Culture:
Stain.
Bacterial
Culture;
Culture;
Fungal
Salmonella
Screen;
Campylobacter
Fecal
Trichrome
Culture.
(Polyvinyl
in budgies,
Alcohol
Preserved):
Flagellates
in
Ova
lovebirds,
cockatiels,
Brotogeris;
of
Evidence
Blood
Panel:
hookbills.
Fecal

systemic

disease.

VOL1 NO.1 1987

THE AVIAN PRACTITIONER

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for
Input Requested
Pet Bulletin Board
The Pet Board is a free computer
bulletin board devoted solely to pets, pet
owners and pet breeders. The only charge
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by the phone company for the call to the
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veterinarians that is accessible to callers.
to serve

In order

more

exotic

oo

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of Animals..

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no
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The NEW Avian Kit (Cat #5004), by Ultra Diagnostic,
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34 AAV TODAY

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to the

Avion

Bird Body Language

Pressure

Of great interest to all creatures on
earth is what their next meal will be
and where it will come from. In the
nest colonies of Cliff
2000-3000
a unique

Swallows,

been

has

exchange

of

form

increasing

food

destruction

observed.

sources

are

constantly changing as the insect swarms
rapidly move to different locations, it is
necessary for Cliff Swallows to exploit
these

opportunities.

What makes this behavior significant
is that, aside from insects such as bees,
this is the first nonprimate vertebrate to
have

an

developed

for the communication
that

cannot

be

seen

center"

"information

at

of information
the

same

BIRDS

are

the massive

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Utilizing State-Of-The-Art
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Offering a wide range of tests geared
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Over 4 years of experience
for exotic pet species
laboratory diagnostics
Former

in-house laboratory of Rosskopf
inc. Hawthorne,
California
Woerpel,

are

smaller

than

effect.

When light hits these cells, some of
the white color is suppressed and other
colors

are

with

scattered,
of

predominance

one

the

color.

color, on the other hand, is the result of
absorption and reflection. Green color
on parrots results from the combination
of absorption
(blue).
Most
purples

(yellow) and scattering

other
are

to scattering

Irridescence,

as

results

interference

from

some

and

greens

due

in peacock

alone.
tail

of

TO

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Don't

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DR.WALTERJ. ROSSKOPF,DVM

#vian
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and have

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very satisfied with the excellent quality of
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Ihighly

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DVM
San Diego, CA

?Exotic

^-CLINXPATH

Suite 5, Hawthorne,

LABS
California

90250

(213) 675-3171

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feathers,

several

reflected light waves.

has

for years

resulting

Yellow

SMALL MAMMALS

them

the

length of light, are responsible for

PRIMARILY

"I've used

& operated
by ROSALIE LANE Avian
with extensive
in pet
hematologist
experience
bird & reptilian species. Co-author of numerous
articles for BIRD TALKMAGAZINE & other Journal
publications with Dr. Walter Rosskopf, DVM

Inglewood Avenue,

"scattering."

&

Owned

13405

this

called

which

feathers,

wave

these problems, minimal policy changes
have been seen. Individuals wishing
more information should contact the
Defense Fund which
these efforts.

recently

cells in the barbs of the

Alveolar

So far one means to combat this type
of destruction has been to exert pressure
on the multi-national banks, especially
theWorld Bank, to assess the effects on
the environment before financing any of
these multi-billion dollar projects.
Although recent statements by leading
bank officials indicate an appreciation of

Environmental

a process

from

development

disastrous.

time.

LAST A

extinction.

species'

researchers

optical

reported that analysis of feathers from
Blue Jays confirmed the long held belief
that the blue coloring of animals and
birds comes not from blue pigment but

projects that have taken place in many
of the Third World countries. Although
intended to bring economic strength to
these nations, they ultimately prove to
be short-sighted and environmentally

spearheaded

AT

of

Two

Some of the greatest causes of habitat

information

characteristic rocking motion, full beak,
and rapid flight away from the nest.
Unsuccessful foragers would then follow
those birds to the source of food.
their

rate

is Blue not Blue?

When

Needed

The rapid decline of the world's
tropical forest is having a profound
effect on global health and on the

Swallows returning to the nest site
empty-mouthed would look around for
other birds that displayed a

Because

GrOSkm

Robert

By

New/

Con/ervotion