Bureau of Investigation

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جلد:
90
زبان:
english
رسالہ:
JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association
DOI:
10.1001/jama.1928.02690400056029
Date:
March, 1928
فائل:
PDF, 525 KB
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آپ کتاب کا معائنہ کر سکتے ہیں اور اپنے تجربات شیئر کرسکتے ہیں۔ دوسرے قارئین کتابوں کے بارے میں آپ کی رائے میں ہمیشہ دلچسپی رکھیں گے۔ چاہے آپ کو کتاب پسند ہے یا نہیں ، اگر آپ اپنے دیانتدار اور تفصیلی خیالات دیںگے تو لوگوں کو نئی کتابیں ملیںگی جو ان کے لئے صحیح ہیں۔
1

Salivary Gland Tumors

سال:
1959
زبان:
english
فائل:
PDF, 1.63 MB
2

NEW ANTIHEPARIN AGENT ("POLYBRENE")

سال:
1953
زبان:
english
فائل:
PDF, 490 KB
Bureau of

"Acidosis is brought about by bad foods, bad combinations of foods,
acid which is absorbed, an excess of which is retained. Toxi¬
cosis is brought about by rottine putrefying material, more or less
absorbed as it passes through the alimentary tract. That is all there is

producing

Investigation

to

SANATOLOGY
"The Only Science of Health"—And Its Founder
For the past three or four years, The Journal has been
receiving inquiries of which the following" are typical :
'"Will you kindly give me information concerning the medical training
and present professional standing of Dr. Percival L. Clark, who main¬
tains a 'Health Home' in Chicago?"—(From an Illinois physician.)
"One of our employees came to our Medical Department requesting

information concerning Dr. Clark's 'Health Home.' I have never heard
of the institution nor have I been able to get any information concerning
the place."—(From the Medical Department of a large mercantile house.)
"Please give me information in regard to Dr. Clark, who broadcasts
from Station WCFL each Wednesday evening."—(From an Indiana

physician.)

These are some of the gems of the pronouncements of the
founder and creator of the new "Science of Sanatology,"
when he appeared before a legislative committee at Spring¬
field, Illinois, in May, 1927.
Dr. Clark has used the advertising pages of newspapers,
both classified and display. One classified advertisement reads :

"I will be grateful if you will furnish me information concerning the
methods and practice of Dr. Percival L. Clark, who is practicing a method
which a patient of mine describes as 'Sanatology.' He was giving her
two tablespoonfula of castor oil every morning for three months." —(From
a

hicago physician.)

our

To Any Sufferer From

if admitted to my Health Home,
not cored in from two to four monti».

twal

or,

li»-,

I

._

wttw

Thì

to

SAN
...

1

,.,.*

i—i,

oí
.

(-C-ufi

...'

Ex-President's Daughter
I* Restored to Health by;  Following My Methods

They Come

to

Me

I. TO COMt

To TI1C

,

white, yelluw

on

or

browat.

.

P. L. Clark, M. D., The Health Home, De*. 6012,2637 Prairie Ave., Chicago
Some of P. L. Clark's advertising ballyhoo. Greatly reduced facsimile
page of a four-page circular puffing Clark, "Sanatology" and
I [ealth 1 liinie.''

records, Percival Lemon Clark was born
a diploma in 1889 from Bennett Medical

at the time this was an eclectic institution.
He was licensed to practice medicine in Illinois in 1889. Dr.
(lark conducts a "Health School" and a "Health Home." and
is the "Dean" of "The World's First University of Sanatol¬
ogy." "Sanatology" is a new cult. In 1927, Percival Lemon
(lark went before a committee of the Legislature of Illinois
in behalf of "House Bills Nos. 296, 297 and 411." These bills
were for the purpose of getting legal recognition of the cult,
Sanatology. Before this committee Dr. Clark set forth, at
some
length, his idea of what constitutes bis "new
science." Some of the things that the doctor told the com¬
mittee are of interest in that they throw light on his concep¬
tion of the science of medicine. Here are some of the
statements made by Percival Lemon Clark as they appear in
the report of bis testimony given at that time :
"1 am the first man in the history of the world to make the pronounce¬
ment

and prove that acidosis and toxicosis

are

tell you about it!"

:

the two basic

causes

YOUR OWN
.

.

or

$1.50 for twelve

DOCTOR."

Dr. Clark's merchandise accessories comprise such products
"Dr. Clark's Dextrinized Wheat Health School Brand,"
which is said to be "a nourishing, non-devitalized, nondemineralized, laxative food"; there are also "Cereal Bran,"
"Cracked Wheat," "Steel Cut Oatmeal" and "Dr. Clark's
Cooked Whole Wheat." Then there is a "Sanatology Blower."
which is noted for "the dry cleaning it gives the entire
system." These "blowers" are said to "rejuvenate you" and
com« at $1.50 each which cannot be considered high in view
of their potentialities.
Dr. Clark has, also, the "Sanatological Enema Bag and
Attachments," which removes "the toxic poison [sic!] from
the body." It appears to be an ordinary rubber hot water
bottle with a hose attachment, which at its distal end has a
plate with a rectal nozzle. In use, the nozzle is inserted into
the rectum and the patient—or victim—sits on the plate
which in turn rests on the hot water bag. The weight of the
body naturally forces the water through the tube into the
rectum. It would seem to be, in untrained hands, a particu¬
larly mischievous device and capable of doing an untold
amount of harm. It sells for £7.50. Then, in the laxative
field, there is the "Sanatological Oil" and the "Health School
Laxative Tablet," to say nothing of "Mineral Salts," "Restor¬
ative Salts," "Laxative Salts" and many other products sold
by the Health School.
Dr. Clark's magnum opus is "How to Live and Eat for
Health," which is a book of 240 pages, devoted mainly to
Dr. Clark's peculiar theories, dietetic and medicinal, and,
incidentally, to advertising Percival Lemon Clark and the
Health School. As has already been stated. Dr. Clark
reduces pathology to simple terms: "Acidosis and toxicosis
In the field of nutrìare the primary causes of all disease."
as

I. Whet ¡i your «et.HeleTitt.Weight .Married?.He.d—he.?.ti.d p.S. Wh.l u your particular .¡Imeni!._.Sleep wellt.Tired in m·,™.«.·

N.m.. Addre«.

me

.

BE

These Questions—'
NOW! Mail Me Your Answer tobaaed
your particular need·
obligation, valuable advice

Let

can

lïSlis
axmM¿á
ËSg&Bsas
giSâSESlS
SiïS-ir-jswa'ï ¿am&&SB$
„¡--¿¡-™*;— - äfsSäSiÄsS
- ^ ^^.
¡£3_ar£S:j7ir2..
You will receive, without

home.

Your Own Doctor,' you
keep in touch with the man who put the 'Heal' in health and founded
Sanatology, which points the way to health for all the world.
A dollar and a half will insure you against mental and physical degenera¬
Fertilizer is good, hut who wants to become a fertilizer?
tion.

When All Other Method·
Fail

own

This publication sells for 15 cents
numbers :
"By subscribing for twelve numbers of 'Be

...

P. L CLARK, M. D.
-.;

of

cure the sick, cure the desperately sick, cure asthma, cure rheuma¬
tism, cure iiay fever, cure goiter, and all the rest of the 'incurable'
diseases."

.

.

cure

and stated:

"I

SANATOLOGY

n.LcrcTlarlr
ti« J·»·
truth

¡ -ih«#. .·"

bin..

College, Chicago;

display advertisement. Dr. Clark featured the

advice in your

thus

The Health Home

our

a

Dr. Clark has, as part of his advertising paraphernalia, a
publication that be calls "Be Your Own Doctor." This is
issued at irregular intervals and is devoted to (1) Sanatology,
(2) Percival Lemon Clark, (3) "Health School" merchandise
and (4) denunciation of scientific medicine. In one issue of
"Be Your Own Doctor," Dr. Clark sums up his attainments,

BRONCHIA!, ASTHMA
¡.

to

In

"Right here in Chicago is the one place in the world where you can
personal direction, the full benefits of my great discovery
oí Sauatology—the most important advance yet made in the science of
restoring health! You can either come to our Health Home or follow

Who,

u(b ol

We know

secure, under my

$1000

According

"ASTHMA.—The incurable is curable!
Call for free consultation."

bow.

eczema,

I WiU Forfeit

in 1866 and received

disease."

"Diabetes is caused by acid toxic poison."
"I do not believe in the germ theory and some other things that hobble
the medical profession."
"There are no schools [of Sanatology! except my own school, but I
want these bills so I can establish a school and teach people in three years
to cure disease.
have nurses in my place that know mine about the
cure of disease than any doctor in Chicago."

of all

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tion Dr. Clark holds that "starches and proteins should never
be eaten at the same meal. They are incompatible." His
explanation is that as the digestion of starches begins in the
mouth by the action of the alkaline saliva, and proteins
require the acid gastric juice for their digestion, immediately
the food leaves the mouth and reaches the stomach, the mass
is rendered acid by the action of the gastric juice with the
resultant stoppage of starch digestion. He, apparently, is
unfamiliar with the researches of Cannon, Grutzner, etc., who
have shown that there is no immediate general mixing of
the stomach contents but that the food is held in the fundus
of the stomach for some time, and that this portion does not
rapidly mix its contents with the gastric juice. It is another
case of "a little knowledge—."
Just how Dr. Clark would
explain the digestion of those many, many common foodstuffs
that contain both proteins and carbohydrates is not altogether
clear.
On the subject of vitamins, Dr. Clark exposes an equal
ignorance. "Canned fruits and vegetables," says he, "have
lost their vitamins because of being
cooked." He admits, it is true,
that canned tomatoes still contain
vitamins. He, apparently, does not

The ''Health School" has
$50. Says Dr. Clark;

costs
"In

a

correspondence

which

course,

Health School methods

we correct the acidity of the body and
When the blood is restored to
poisoning.
will
be attacked and eliminated through the
existing
emunctories of the body. That is why I am able to cure asthma, arthritis
deformane or rheumatism, diabetes, Bright's disease, and all the so-called

our

eliminate the toxic
normal any malady

.

.

.

incurable diseases."

A

man

who

wrote

in to the Health School for information

regarding his condition mentioned the fact that he had

eaten

bread with his eggs and meat. Dr. Clark's reaction to this is
characteristic :
"Now when you combine eggs, which are protein with bread, the egg
must be digested in the gastric juice of the stomach which is acid.
And
there again the pepsin of the gastric juice stops acting upon the eggs,
So you see when
when the gastric juice becomes neutral or alkaline.

together, a large flow of alkaline saliva goes into the
stomach and the gastric juice attempting to digest your eggs or meat or
other protein is neutralized by the acid gastric juice and in just such
proportion as neutralization takes place, digestion ceases and you have
you mix these two

know, however, that canned peaches,

canned raspberries, canned pine¬
apple, canned spinach, canned cab¬
bage, all contain vitamins in vary¬

ing

amounts.

On the subject of pathology the
founder of Sanatology is equally
original. "Germs," says Dr. ofClark,
dis¬
"are components or results
ease, not its cause" and are "really
our best friends." In discussing the
causes and prevention of heart dis¬
ease, the founder of Sanatology
holds that heart disease among
children is brought about mainly by
three factors:
(1) The use of
pasteurized milk; (2) the drinking
of chlorinated water, and (3) vac¬

cination.
Of course, Dr. Clark uses testi¬
monials for these are as essential
to the commercial success of a cult
as they are to the successful exploi¬
tation of a "patent medicine."
Among the miscellaneous assort¬
ment of testimonials used by the
founder of Sanatology, two stand
out as being especially valuable for
Dr. Clark's purposes. One is what

purports to be a letter from
Margaret Woodrow Wilson, the

DR. P. L. CLARK
MAKE THE PRONOUNCEMENT AND PROVE
THAT ACIDOSIS AND TOXICOSIS ARE
THE TWO BASIC CAUSES OF

ALL DISEASE

DR. CLARK TEACHES HOW TO REMOVE
THE CAUSES AND RESTORE THE
BODY TO NORMAL

Many of our patients have been pro¬
nounced incurable. To them, our cures
seem miraculous, but they are simply the
result of following nature's laws. Let us
give you the names of grateful patients.
You owe it to yourself and family to in¬
vestigate and read the letters from prom¬
inent people who have been cured by
SANATOLOGY

THE SCIENCE! OF HEALTH

Don't Struggle Blindly for Health!
THE WEALTH SCHOOL

2937 FRAiRIE AVE., CHICAGO, ILL·

Phone Calumet S70S

Photographic facsìmile of
the late president.
According to this letter dated No¬
vember, 1921, Miss Wilson's "catarrhal trouble has all but dis¬
appeared" and she feels "at least sixteen years younger" due
to Dr. Clark's teachings. The other testimonial that is made
much of deals with the case of Mrs. Alice M. Baldwin of
R. R. 2, Havana, Illinois. Dr. Clark reproduces what purport
to be two letters : One is from the Mayo Clinic, dated May
25, 1926, in which it is declared that at operation Dr. C. H.
Mayo found Mrs. Alice Baldwin to have a large inoperable
Radium and x-ray treat¬
cancer at the neck of the womb.
ments were given. The other letter purports to be from
Mrs. Baldwin herself, in which the lady states that she is
"well and strong" and doing all her own housework, and
that, in her opinion, this happy state of affairs has been
brought about by Dr. Clark's treatment.
Dr. Clark's "Health Home," we are told, is "the only
methods are
place in the world where Sanatological"
employed. Prices range from $50 a week and up—"the first
30 days to be paid in advance and weekly in advance there¬
after." This is for in-patients. The charge for out-patients
is $50 for the first month and $35 per month thereafter—
"payable in advance."

daughter

of

NOT

IS THE FIRST MAN IN THE WORLD TO

the obverse and

reverse

DR. CLARK'S HEALTH HOME
Hospital, NOT a Sanitraium, BUT AN

a

IDEAL REALIZED 1

This is the one place for those requiring
personal attention and personal direction, for
This is where the sick can obtain the full
benefit of SANATOLOGY under the supervi¬
sion of P. L. Clark, M. D., its founder.
Know a doctor who can cure Epilepsy ?

"No,"

you answer.

Know a doctor who can cure Asthma? No.
Rheumatism—Arthritis Deformans? No.
The best of them admit they cannot even
(W. A. Evans, M. D.t
cure a common Coldl
in Chicago Tribune). "By no known means
can we CURE any chronic disease."—Sir W.
Arbuthnot Lane, the eminent English surgeon.
What is SANATOLOGY? It is the applied
Science that CURES.

Ex-President's Daughter Cured

Ex-Prepident's daughter, after suffering for
years with systemic cataarh and after being
told repeatedly by New York Specialists that
her condition could nott be cured—undertook to
follow my instructions implicitly. What was the
An

result? Her letter sent on request.
Present this card for free consultation and
blood pressure test without charge or obligation.

sides of

an

advertising card put

out

by

Clark.

fermentation of the starches, producing acid and putrefaction
protein, so that on through your twenty-six feet of intestines you
acid, rotting protein mass traveling, and you absorb enough of
you get thoroughly acid and toxic and gradually break down your

of the
have an
it until

health."

Especially is Dr. Clark obsessed with the idea that refined
sugar and white bread are both dietetic crimes. Back of
these conditions are the two specters, the "Sugar Trust" and
the "Bread Trust." Dr. Clark also injects some United. States
history into his condemnation of those who would debase the
food supply, thus :
"The people have been robbed of such sums that the sugar aristocracy
iinally became strong enough so that the Maine was blown up from the
inside that we might have excuse for collaring the control of the sugar
of Cuba and the Philippines."

So it was the Sugar Trust that blew up the Maine and
brought on the Spanish-American War ! Nice people these
"sugar aristocracy" ! Dr. Clark is equally bitter against
white flour and certain other products that he claims are
devitalized. "Cream of Wheat," "Puffed Rice," pearl barley,
ordinary cornmeal and most of the corn flakes are "unfit
foods"—if we are to believe Dr. Clark—while white bread,

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biscuits, crackers, and all foods made from white floor are
"positively unfit for human consumption."
It is a sorry spectacle when such nonsense as this can be
given publicity through the press and over the radio. It is
still more pitiful that the sick, particularly the poor, should
be led by advertising literature and radio salesmanship to
invest their meager funds in
Percival Lemon Clark.

a

search for relief

through

"THE CRYSTALLINE LENS SYSTEM"
To the Editor:\p=m-\Asa general practitioner interested in
ophthalmology, I have read with much interest Dr. J. O.
McReynolds' paper on "The Crystalline Lens System" (The

Journal, January 7).

I agree with Dr. Blaauw of Buffalo that it is disturbing;
it is also incomplete in making no reference to the important
work of Prof. E. F. Fincham (Western Optical World 14:77),

Dr. G. Lindsay Johnson (Canadian Optometrist 6:117 [Dec.]
1924, Western Optical World 14:129), Terrien (S\l=e'\miologie
oculaire, le cristallin, Paris, Masson & Cie, 1926, pp. 84, 96,
108, 109, 110), Benson Kirby (Western Optical World 14:33),
Noiszewski (Congr\l=e`\sdes Oculistes polonais, Warsaw, December, 1921) and others. The paper shows also the distressing
lack of unanimity as to the facts of accommodation that still
exists. The following changes are most probable during
accommodation:
1. By contraction of the ciliary muscles the zonule is
relaxed, as Helmholtz believed (Fincham).
2. The lens is altered from its resting form to a hyperboloid shape anteriorly, as Fincham and Tscherning agree.
3. The thickness of the middle of the lens is increased
fore and aft, but observers differ as to the relative amount
of movement of the anterior and posterior poles.
4. Hess has made experiments that strongly suggest that
the equatorial diameter of the lens is reduced during accom¬
modation, and also that the circumlental space is reduced by
the centripetal movement of the ciliary processes. Other
observers have confirmed the inward movement of the
ciliary processes in physostigminized and iridectomized eyes

(Terrien).
5. Tscherning asserts that the margin of the lens is
flattened during accommodation.
6. The capsule of the lens has been proved to be of unequal
thickness by Bowman and by Fincham, thicker at the equator
than in the center of the anterior surface and especially thin
over the posterior surface of the lens.
7. Lindsay Johnson, supporting the hydraulic theory,
believes that the ciliary muscle, especially Miiller's fibers, acts
like a sphincter and reduces the circumlental space when it
contracts by hydraulic pressure on the edge of the lens, which,
The lens must change its
as McReynolds says, is plastic.
of
the muscle ; the lens is
the
to
grip
in
response
shape

squeezed.

I venture to suggest that the mechanism of accommodation
night be explained by what Terrien calls "the mixed opinion" ;
that is to say, by combining the observations of Helmholtz,
Tscherning and Fincham with the hydraulic theory of Noiszewski and Johnson.
A. When the ciliary muscle contracts, the zonule is relaxed.
Consequently a change in the shape of the lens is facilitated.
B. Owing to the thickness of the capsule (its firm adherence
to the lens substance) at the equator, the flattening of the lens
at its margin observed by Tscherning might be only apparent,
as a result of contrast with the central thickening.
C. The equatorial or transverse diameter of the lens is
diminished not by the tension or relaxation of the zonyle but

by water pressure. The lens margin being driven inward
centripetally by the ciliary sphincter, the lens substance at the
equator must be displaced toward the center of the lens. The
anteroposterior diameter of the lens must therefore be
increased.
D. The pressure in the posterior chamber may be reason¬
ably assumed to increase as a result of the contraction of
the ciliary muscle assisted by the resistance of the iris in
front (G. L. Johnson).
E. The pupillary aperture of the iris being a weak area, the
anterior pole of the lens may be assumed to project forward
at this point, where its capsule is thin.
F. The recoil of the lens to its resting shape is effected by :
1. The relaxation of the muscle.
2. A moderate tautening of the zonular fibers.
3. The elasticity of the capsule.
4. Water pressure in the anterior chamber (Kirby)
acting on the anterior surface of the lens.
I would particularly emphasize our want of exact knowl¬
edge along certain lines:
A. The reduction in width of the transverse (or equatorial)
diameter of the lens during accommodation is exceedingly
important. Gullstrand seems doubtful of its occurrence.
B. The relative movements of the anterior and posterior
poles have not been precisely established. Most observers lay
stress on the forward projection of the anterior pole. Pos¬
sibly both poles move (Terrien, p. 84).
C. The extent of the centripetal and centrifugal movement
of the processes, and the variation in size of the circumlental
space is very difficult to estimate, as these changes take place
behind a curtain. They cannot be seen in a normal eye.
D. The exact anatomic relations of the ciliary body to the
lens in a longitudinal direction ought to be clearly defined
in diagrams. This might be best ascertained by a series of
serial sections through the eyeball, working backward from
the anterior to the posterior pole of the lens and cut (equatorially) to the posterior limit of the ciliary muscle.
E. The movement of the anterior pole of the lens could
perhaps be seen by watching the central dot on the anterior
capsule of a patient with a small anterior polar cataract.
F. Can patients with aniridia accommodate? Can the
margins of their lenses be observed ?
G. Is there such a condition as "negative accommodation"?

(Rogers.)

In conclusion I should like to emphasize the importance of
views of this region. In Prof. Arthur Thom¬
son's Stereoscopic Atlas of the Eye (Oxford, Clarendon Press,
1912) I have noted that :
The canal of Petit is sometimes clearly defined, as in

stereoscopic

plate VIII.

The position of the ciliary body in relation to the lens
(plate V) would seem to indicate that, should pressure be
exerted by it on the lens, it would be likely to take effect
chiefly on the equator and anterior half of the lens.
In plates X and XI the width of the equator of the lens is

well shown.
Plate XVII is
fibers, and seems

a

freely permeable,

as

beautiful demonstration of the zonular
that the suspensory ligament is

to show

McReynolds points out.
Reginald Arthur Yeld, M.D., MA. (Cantab),
Edgewood, B. C.
[The letter was referred to Dr. J. O. McReynolds, who
replies :]
In my paper before the Section on Ophthalmology of the
American Medical Association last June I freely confessed
that my introductory studies of the crystalline lens system
were incomplete and constituted an inquiry rather than a
conclusion. I carefully refrained from any definite and final
attitude on the complex problem of the mechanism of accom-

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